ZZ Plant Soil – How to Choose Best Soil for ZZ Plant

ZZ plants, also known as Zamioculcas zamiifolia, are favored by all beginner plant owners due to their laid-back nature and advantageous traits. These plants do not need much care and can easily survive if neglected.

But the key to growing them successfully is by providing them with a rich potting soil mixture to enhance their development. ZZ plants don’t have many preferences for soil types, but the appropriate soil mix will greatly accelerate their growth.

The secret key is to set this plant to a proper soil mix! Let us guide you to choose the best soil mix for your ZZ plant to increase its growth very quickly. Keep reading till the end of this article where we will discuss the role of soil in plant health, what type of soil will you need, components of a ZZ plant potting soil mix, when to repot a ZZ plant, and how to mix the potting soil for ZZ plants!

The Role Of Soil In Plant Health


Before we jump into what type of soil is best for the ZZ plant, we first have to understand why soil is so important to the plant’s growth and nourishment. Soil provides the plants with nutrients that are a combination of minerals and organic matter. The amount of oxygen and moisture that a plant’s root system can access depends on the soil.

Soil provides the plant with the necessary minerals for its development. Without any soil, the plant will not grow and will wither away. Plants are also picky about other components of soil, like pH levels, fertilization content, etc. You could offer a houseplant a framework for healthy growth and the greatest possible appearance by replicating these elements of its natural growth environment. Hence, the soil of the plant plays a vital role in its development.

What Type Of Soil Does A ZZ Plant Need?


Choosing soil for the ZZ plant can be difficult but not impossible. You have to first select a location for the plant and set a constant temperature around it for it to grow comfortably. Once you have placed the plant, then according to its surroundings and needs, prepare the potting mixture. Remember that the soil plays a vital and major role in the ZZ plant’s development. The soil should contain all the nutrients required by the plant to prosper.

The potting mixture prepared for the plant should be rich in minerals for better growth because a lack of nutrients can harm the plant greatly. Also, one interesting fact that you must know about the ZZ plant is that it grows from a rhizome. From this rhizome, stems and leaves emerge from the top and roots from the bottom. Rhizomes are essential for the ZZ plant.

These rhizome structures are the reason why ZZ Plants are extremely hardy. The roots of the plant absorb as much water as they can and store it in the rhizome. They can utilize this water later on when it is drier, such as during a drought or when you neglect to water your plants for a few weeks.

These rhizomes, however, do not particularly enjoy cold, damp, or soggy soil. They will try to extract as much moisture as possible from the soil till the rhizomes will ultimately decompose. As soon as that begins to occur, your ZZ Plant is forced into survival mode, and growth usually slows down or stops. Despite the ZZ plant’s hardiness and lack of fussiness, you may support its health and growth by selecting suitable soil that drains well.

Water and nutrients can easily pass through the plant in soil that drains effectively. Your ZZ plant will remain healthy and grow more quickly if you use a proper potting mixture. Therefore, avoid using garden soil because it is dense and restricts the flow of water. Avoid using sand soil too that does not harm the plant but allows water to seep through very easily.

ZZ plants prefer soil that is dry or wet but not damp. The soil should retain moisture for a while but not too long as this can encourage the development of fungi. If the soil is compact, then the oxygen flow will be hindered, and the soil will stay moist, which will encourage bacterial growth, fungal growth, and root rot. Provide the ZZ plant with the necessary needs to prevent the spread of pests and diseases.

To guarantee optimal drainage and nutrient absorption for the plant, most store-bought potting soil contains some combination of peat moss, pine bark, perlite, and occasionally sand. All of them have slightly different ratios for these components, but almost any potting soil will work. You can use regular potting soil which also grows the ZZ plant until it is provided with all the nutrients.

Now, if you want your ZZ plant to have excellent drainage, then use a blend of regular potting soil and cactus mix. Cactus mix contains perlite, limestone, and sand which creates a fast-draining, and porous substrate. It is a substrate that quickly absorbs water, drains quickly, and still has enough structure for your ZZ plant to grow and root into.

Although all soils are healthy and advantageous to plants, how you care for them is more crucial for their growth. Even though plants can withstand neglect, you still need to give time and effort necessary to ensure their success. It will be a masterpiece if properly cared for.

Components Of A ZZ Plant Potting Soil

We have listed some components below that should be used by you to prepare your potting mixture for the ZZ plants. It is not necessary to only use these mentioned components. You can create your blend for the solution unless and until you and your plant are comfortable. Because sometimes, the wrong mixture tends to increase the stress level of the plants, so be careful while using these components.

1. Potting Soil: Your potting mixture is the base provided to the plants. The ideal solution should be airy, light, and made of organic, aged natural matter.

2. Pine Bar Fines: Small fragments of coniferous trees including fir, pine, and spruce make up pine bark fines. Due to the high lignin content of this bark, it keeps its shape for a long time. As a result, it does a great job of creating air pockets and resisting compaction. This can be very beneficial for the ZZ plant potting mixture. 

3. Perlite: is an enormous rock type. It has a similar look and feel to Styrofoam. It is excellent at providing aeration and drainage to a soil mix since it does not absorb water and hence, proves to be perfectly suitable for the ZZ plants.

4. Cactus Mix: Another very effective component that you can use is the potting soil. A good blend of potting soil and the cactus mix creates excellent drainage for the ZZ plants. If blended and used in the correct proportion, it will increase the growth rate of the ZZ plant. 

5. Sphagnum peat moss: It has a coarse texture and fine particles. This results in excellent water and nutrient retention capacity as well as optimum air circulation and also provides good ventilation to the ZZ plants. 

6. Horticultural Sand: Typically, crushed stones like quartz, granite, or sandstone make up this extremely coarse “sand.” This soil is also suitable for ZZ plants.

When Should You Repot A ZZ Plant?

When a plant is repotted, the roots are offered a larger surface area to collect the nutrients that they will no longer be able to receive from the smaller pot once they have outgrown it. By repotting, you may make sure the roots have enough room to breathe and new soil to grow in. The majority of indoor plants flourish for years in the same container, but some grow quickly and require repotting right away. Repotting also improves the plant’s growth rate effectively.

So just like every other plant, ZZ plants also need to be repotted every 2 to 3 years. But how do you identify if the plant requires repotting or not? Do you notice the changes happening in your plant that need to be repotted? No, right! Most of us ignore the basic changes taken in the plant which indicates it to be repotted.

One of the most prominent indications is the outgrowing roots. These roots tend to flow out of the container to find someplace since the pot does not give the roots enough breathing space. The other signs for the plant to be repotted are wilting leaves, breaking down of the pot, stunted growth, and browning leaves. If any of the above signs are visible in the plant it only means that the plant needs repotting.

Repotting is advised to take place in the spring and summer because doing so in the winter when the plant is dormant, could hinder its growth. After repotting them, wait a while before fertilizing them, giving them time to adapt. Your ZZ plant should be repotted ideally every 2 to 3 years. It promotes their general growth and well-being.

How To Mix The Potting Soil For ZZ Plants?

Preparing a soil mixture for the ZZ plant is very easy, but you have to do it gently and precisely to get a perfect solution for the plant to develop healthily. We will now discuss the most common method you can use to prepare the potting soil.

Choose your desired recipe and gather your ingredients before beginning to mix your ZZ plant soil. Prepare the mixture in a separate container with a little water to wet it before adding it to the new clay pot for your ZZ plant. For the root ball of your ZZ plant to rest an inch or two below the lip of the pot, add a few inches of this mixture to the base of your planter.

Then, place the plant in its new container. Fill it till the space is completely covered with the remaining dirt. Remember that this plant prefers a free-draining soil condition, so avoid packing the soil too tightly. After the soil is put in the pot, water the ZZ plants and provide them with all the required necessities. You can start the fertilization of the plant after 2 to 3 months when the plant has adapted to its surroundings.


Q1. When should I repot a ZZ plant?

Ans. Every 12 to 18 months, repot your ZZ plants while keeping an eye on their growth. If you leave your plant in the same pot for a long time, it won’t grow healthy shoots. To make its roots flourish, the soil must be replaced.

Q2. What kind of pot is suitable for a ZZ plant? 

Ans. ZZ plants are comfortable with any type of pot like terracotta, plastic, metal, clay, concrete, fiber, coir, etc. You can use any of them to grow your ZZ plant in. Also, the pot size should be selected according to the space it will need to avoid any root bound. 

Q3. Can I use cactus soil for a ZZ plant?

Ans. One of the many potting mixes that are always on hand in garden centers and nurseries is cactus potting soil. It provides ZZ roots with a stronger foundation than ordinary soil also, while preventing stems and roots from absorbing moisture. The soil drains well and dries out quickly after being watered. 

Q4. Can a ZZ plant grow well in acidic soil?

Ans. ZZ plants do well on soils that drain quickly and have a pH between 6 and 7. They can more easily obtain all the necessary nutrients in acidic soils. You can top over your potting mix with an inch of peat if it isn’t acidic. Additionally, you can water the plant numerous times using a solution made from a gallon of water and two tablespoons of vinegar.


ZZ plants are hardy, easy to care for, and have glossy foliage, which makes them an excellent choice for a houseplant collection. The soil’s ability to drain well and should contain a lot of nutrients is the key thing you should look for. This will boost plant development and health and also keeps the soil dry. 

We hope you have now got an idea of what type of soil you need for your ZZ plant to grow and how to make it easily at home. The ZZ plants are very easy and the least complicated plant to grow. Hope the above-mentioned information was helpful to you and cleared all your doubts regarding the same. 

If you have any more doubts, please comment down below, and don’t forget to share this article with your friends, and family!

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  • Prachi Parate

    Prachi Parate is an enthusiast writer. She is a native of a science background, where botanical science was one of her favorite subjects. It was always Prachi's dream to combine her passion with a career. Hence, her fascination with plants led to a career as a writer. Also, she believes that taking good care of yourself is key to happiness. Time spent in nature is one of her favorite self-care practices. It is her goal to transform her learning into content that helps readers.

  • Vaishnavi

    Vaishnavi is a student of organic chemistry. She is a knowledgeable and enthusiastic gardener who enjoys sharing plant information and ideas. She also enjoys writing inspirational poems. She portrays her love for plants and nature through her poems.

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